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Towards a Collision-Free WLAN: Dynamic Parameter Adjustment in CSMA/E2CA

Barceló, Jaume and Bellalta, Boris and Cano, Cristina and Sfairopoulou, Anna and Oliver, Miquel and Verma, Kshitiz (2011) Towards a Collision-Free WLAN: Dynamic Parameter Adjustment in CSMA/E2CA. [Journal Articles]

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Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Enhanced Collision Avoidance (CSMA/ECA) is a distributed MAC protocol that allows collision-free access to the medium in WLANs. The only difference between CSMA/ECA and the well-known CSMA/CA is that the former uses a deterministic backoff after successful transmissions. Collision-free operation is reached after a transient state during which some collisions may occur. This article shows that the duration of the transient state can be shortened by appropriately setting the contention parameters. Standard absorbing Markov Chain theory is used to describe the behaviour of the system in the transient state and to predict the expected number of slots to reach the collision-free operation. The article also introduces CSMA/E2CA, in which a deterministic backoff is used two consecutive times after a successful transmission. CSMA/E2CA converges quicker to collision-free operation and delivers higher performance than CSMA/ECA, specially in harsh wireless scenarios with high frame error rates. The last part of the article addresses scenarios with a large number of contenders. We suggest dynamic parameter adjustment techniques to accommodate a varying (and potentially high) number of contenders. The effectiveness of these adjustments in preventing collisions is validated by means of simulation.

Item Type: Journal Articles
Uncontrolled Keywords: WLAN, MAC, contention protocol
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Christian Sanchez
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2012 12:15
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2013 12:56

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