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Detection of Reactive Jamming in DSSS-based Wireless Communications

Spuhler, Michael and Giustiniano, Domenico and Lenders, Vincent and Wilhelm, Matthias and Schmitt, Jens (2014) Detection of Reactive Jamming in DSSS-based Wireless Communications. [Journal Articles]

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Reactive jammers have been shown to be a serious threat for wireless communication. Despite this, it is difficult to detect their presence reliably. We propose a novel method to detect such sophisticated jammers in direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) wireless communication systems. The key idea is to extract statistics from the jamming-free symbols of the DSSS synchronizer to discern jammed packets from those lost due to bad channel conditions. Our contribution is twofold. First, we experimentally evaluate new empirical models utilizing the preamble symbols of IEEE 802.15.4 packets, thus enabling the accurate prediction of the packet delivery ratio (PDR). We show that the chip error rate-based metric is superior to metrics used in the literature, offering an accurate and reactive indicator of the true PDR. Our second contribution is the design and evaluation of a detection technique relying on this metric to detect reactive jammers. We build a software-defined radio testbed and show that our technique enables the error-free detection of reactive jammers that jam all packets on links with a PDR above 0.3. To the best of our knowledge, our detector is the first to detect reactive jamming attacks targeting the physical layer header of DSSS packets, and does not require any modifications of the wireless communication system.

Item Type: Journal Articles
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jamming detection, reactive jamming, direct sequence spread spectrum, 802.15.4, chip errors
Depositing User: Domenico Giustiniano
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2014 10:57
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2014 10:57

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